Democratic control of Romanian intelligence after three decades: quis custodiet ipsos custodes?

23 October 2018 by · Leave a Comment
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ABSTRACT
Romania faced one of the most dramatic transitions from authoritarian communism to become a democracy and a member of the North-Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU). The backbone of building a democratic society has been civilian control of the military. This article briefly describes the norms and institutions of democratic control of the intelligence services in Romania and assesses how the mechanisms of democratic control have worked in practice after almost three decades of reform. We argue that many of the post-1989 reforms have been only superficial implemented and monitored, particularly after Romania joined NATO and the EU. The article concludes that the democratic control of intelligence in Romania is an unfinished business. There are structural shortcomings embedded in the process of democracy consolidation that need to be addressed.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14751798.2018.1529103

Intelligence Sector Reforms in Romania: A Scorecard

17 October 2018 by · Leave a Comment
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Since 1989, reforms have sought to align the Romanian post-communist intelligence community with its counterparts in established democracies. Enacted reluctantly and belatedly at the pressure of civil society actors eager to curb the mass surveillance of communist times and international partners wishing to rein in Romania’s foreign espionage and cut its ties to intelligence services of non-NATO countries, these reforms have revamped legislation on state security, retrained secret agents, and allowed for participation in NATO operations, but paid less attention to oversight and respect for human rights. Drawing on democratization, transitional justice,and security studies, this article evaluates the capacity of the Romanian post-communist intelligence reforms to break with communist security practices of unchecked surveillance and repression and to adopt democratic values of oversight and respect for human rights. We discuss the presence of communist traits after 1989 (seen as continuity)and their absence (seen as discontinuity) by offering a wealth of examples. The article is the first to evaluate security reforms in post-communist Romania in terms of their capacity to not only overhaul the personnel and operations inherited from the Securitate and strengthen oversight by elected officials, but also make intelligence services respectful of basic human https://ojs.library.queensu.ca/index.php/surveillance-and-society/article/view/6880

An Eastern European view on great power politics- Egmont Commentary

1 September 2018 by · Leave a Comment
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Last July’s meeting in Helsinki between Presidents Trump and Putin greatly concerned the states of Eastern Europe. Helsinki is a highly symbolic venue for them, since this is where the CSCE Final Act was signed in 1975. The principal gain that the USSR claimed back then was the recognition of post-Second World War borders, while the advantage that the West claimed was the acknowledgement of human rights. Some argue that the latter was so important that it led to the defeat of USSR – an event that Putin considers to be the worst geopolitical catastrophe in Russian history.

Available at: http://www.egmontinstitute.be/an-eastern-european-view-on-great-power-politics/

Bugetul apărării: am un leu şi vreu să-l beu?

8 July 2018 by · Leave a Comment
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“Frontul” este la graniţa României, paradigma de securitate s-a schimbat, confruntarea marilor puteri este explicită iar noi pare că am luat ajutorul social şi mergem la cârciumă.

http://www.contributors.ro/administratie/bugetul-apararii-am-un-leu-si-vreu-sa-l-beu/

MARIAN ZULEAN PRIVATE COLLECTION

8 July 2018 by · Leave a Comment
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MARIAN ZULEAN PRIVATE COLLECTION

The Marian Zulean personal collection is an illustration of the fact that any act of cultural opposition is dependent on the societal context that generates it. It implicitly highlights the fundamental difference between Romania and other communist states in the last years of the period 1980–1989. The more than 400 newspapers, magazines, brochures and books, originating especially from the Soviet Union in the Gorbachev period, epitomise a reformist political discourse that had become relatively official in the rest of the Soviet bloc, but was considered dangerous by the Romanian Securitate.

Registry

“Apărare onestă”

21 January 2018 by · Leave a Comment
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”Apărarea onestă” este o metaforă ce ar trebui să definească o nouă paradigmă în managementul politicilor de apărare, conform unei analize propuse de Thomas-Durell Young în cartea Anatomia instituțiilor de apărare din țările europene post-comuniste. Mirajul modernizării militare. Cartea reprezintă încununarea experienței de o viață a unui cercetător și consultant militar de la Naval Postgraduate School (Monterrey, SUA), care a făcut peste 100 de analize și studii pentru RAND Corporation sau Pentagon, pentru NATO sau alte țări europene.

http://www.contributors.ro/sinteze/%E2%80%9Caparare-onesta%E2%80%9D-pentru-o-noua-paradigma-a-apararii/

Compendiu de securitate internațională

10 January 2018 by · Leave a Comment
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Volumul Strategiile de securitate națională constituie o excelentă introducere în înțelegerea profilului comportamental al unor actori-cheie de pe scena geopoliticii contemporane, ideală pentru facultățile de profil sau jurnaliști…revista 22, nr.1/2018
https://revista22.ro/70268650/compendiu-de-securitate-internaional.html

Interviu MARIAN ZULEAN: DR. Zbigniew Brzeziński – un portet cu afecțiune

10 July 2017 by · Leave a Comment
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http://www.lapunkt.ro/2017/06/26/interviu-marian-zulean-dr-zbigniew-brzezinski-un-portet-cu-afectiune/

Romanian public administration reform 2.0: using innovative foresight methodologies to engage stakeholders and the public

10 July 2017 by · Leave a Comment
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The purpose of this practice-oriented paper is to look at a recent, late-phase development in public administration (PA) reform in Romania, specifically the drafting of the recently adopted national Strategy on Strengthening the Efficiency of Public Administration (2014-2020). In particular, the paper focuses on the opportunities and limits of outsourcing the building of the vision underlying the strategy and the prioritization of strategic objectives. The article’s story is also placed in the broader context of agencification literature and, more specifically, the involvement of executive agencies in policymaking.http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1108/FS-09-2016-0047

Generalii lui Trump. Va deveni America un ”stat-garnizoană”?

21 January 2017 by · Leave a Comment
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Pe 20 ianuarie a.c., Donald Trump va fi învestit ca președinte al SUA. Deși era de așteptat ca apropierea ceremoniei de depunere a jurământului să aducă serenitate și acceptarea rezultatului votului, dimpotrivă, asistăm la o escaladare a tensiunilor politice și la plantarea unor câmpuri minate, pentru Administrația Trump. Pe zi ce trece apar noi temeri și scenarii fataliste promovate, la nivel global, de către „o anumită parte a presei”. Un asemenea scenariu catastrofic se referă la faptul că generali în rezervă vor ocupa posturi importante în Administrația Trump, ceea ce va duce la construirea unui stat militarist și, implicit, va crește pericolul declanșării unui război. O critică, în acest sens, a progresiștilor ”, preluată de TomDispatch.com, este făcută de William J. Astore într-un articol cu titlul ”Too many generals spoil democracy.

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